在線閱讀 --自然科學版 2021年3期《河北省草地生態系統服務價值評估》
河北省草地生態系統服務價值評估--[在線閱讀]
劉治國1, 劉玉華2, 于清軍3, 張煥強4, 李佳祥4, 劉桂霞1
1. 河北大學 生命科學學院, 河北 保定 071002;
2. 御道口管理區農林水務局, 河北 承德 068462;
3. 承德市動物疫病預防控制中心, 河北 承德 067000;
4. 河北省林業和草原局, 河北 石家莊 050081
起止頁碼: 304--313頁
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.nse.202104004
摘要
通過對河北省草地生態系統的分析,選取了9項服務功能作為評價指標,運用生態經濟學方法對河北省11個地市的草地生態系統服務價值進行了評估.結果顯示,河北省草地生態系統服務功能總價值為1702.16億元,承德、張家口2市占全省草地生態系統服務功能總價值的78%.其中,物質生產價值為57.75億元,固定CO2和釋放O2價值分別為107.80,154.89億元,土壤侵蝕控制價值為707.36億元,水源涵養價值為625.19億元,營養物質循環價值為14.59億元,廢棄物降解價值為4.38億元,維持生物多樣性價值為1.78億元,文化娛樂價值為28.42億元,土壤侵蝕控制和水源涵養2項功能的價值占總價值的78.3%,草地生態系統的間接生態價值要遠大于其直接提供的生產價值.

Evaluation on the Value of Grassland Ecosystem Services in Hebei Province
LIU Zhiguo1, LIU Yuhua2, YU Qingjun3, ZHANG Huanqiang4, LI Jiaxiang4, LIU Guixia1
1. School of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Hebei Baoding 071002, China;
2. Agriculture, Forestry and Water Affairs Bureau of Yudaokou Administration District, Hebei Chengde 068462, China;
3. Center for Animal Disease Control and Prevention of Chengde City, Hebei Chengde 067000, China;
4. Forestry and Grassland Bureau of Hebei Province, Hebei Shijiazhuang 050081, China
Abstract:
Through the analysis of the grassland ecosystem in Hebei province,9 service functions were selected as evaluation indicators,and the value of the grassland ecosystem services in 11 cities in Hebei province was evaluated using ecological economics method.The results showed that the total value of the grassland ecosystem services in Hebei province was 170.216 billion yuan,78% of which was accounted for by Chengde and Zhangjiakou cities.The value of material production was 5.775 billion yuan.The values of CO2 fixing and O2 releasing were 10.780 and 15.489 billion yuan,respectively.The value of soil erosion control was 70.736 billion yuan,and the value of water conservation was 62.519 billion yuan,the sum of both accounting for 78.3% of the total value.The value of nutrient recycling was 1.459 billion yuan,whereas the value of waste degradation was 438 million yuan.In addition,the maintaining biodiversity value of 178 million yuan,and cultural and recreational value of 2.842 billion yuan were also included.The indirect ecological value of grassland ecosystems was much greater than its direct production value.

收稿日期: 2020-05-24
基金項目: 河北省現代農業產業體系草業創新團隊建設項目(HBCT2018160204);河北省科技廳重點研發項目(18227530D)

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