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在線閱讀 --哲學社會科學版 2021年3期《古典的數字人文主義——從柏拉圖哲學看數字技術時代人類精神的重構》
古典的數字人文主義——從柏拉圖哲學看數字技術時代人類精神的重構--[在線閱讀]
胡繼華1, 孫立武2
1. 北京第二外國語學院 文化與傳播學院, 北京 100024;
2. 南開大學 文學院, 天津 300071
起止頁碼: 24--40頁
DOI:
摘要
數字人文是指數字時代人文學科和人文精神的重構。數字技術對人類認識世界、認識自我以及人與宇宙的相互定位產生了無法估量的影響,其導致的深刻變化可以比較于歐洲文藝復興時代的偉大革命:數字技術、媒介技術、遠程交流技術、算法技術,對于人類主體來說,都絕不只是工具,而是文化,甚至可以說技術本身就是人類的新型生命、新型器官和新型身體。數字人文將人類置于技術的核心地位,凸顯偶然機遇,且在倫理上將對他人空間的尊重提升到首要位置。從古典學,尤其是從柏拉圖的學說來看,數字人文就是技術時代的新神話,它對美學提出了一系列的挑戰。回應這些挑戰,數字人文主義將存在論的人文主義推至極限,同時提出數字時代的審美救贖使命:以理智靈魂的復活來拯救技術心理學的偏枯,以生命精神化來克服象征的貧困,以詩性原創思維來超越人工智能的愚拙。

Classical Digital Humanism—Towards Reconstruction of Human Spirit in an Age of Technoscience from Platonic Perspective
HU Jihua1, SUN Liwu2
1. School of Chinese Culture and Communication, Beijing International Studies University, Beijing 100024, China;
2. School of Literature, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Abstract:
Humanities and even traditional humanism are undergoing reconstruction in an age of digital technology, which has profound impacts on man's knowledge of universe and his self-knowledge, and mutual determination of man and world as well, so the dramatic transformation it produced could be compared with the great revolution of Renaissance ages. For human beings today such technologies as digital, media, telecommunication, computation, algorithm and the like, are not merely instruments, but more significantly the culture itself. It could even be said that technique itself constitutes new biology, new organology, and new exosamtization. Digital humanities put mankind in the heart of technology, stresses on serendipity, and gives ethical priority of the space for the other. However, as a new mythology in the epoch of technology or Anthropocene, digital humanities could be a challenge to traditional aesthetics by raising a series of problems, the responding to which should trace back to classical, especially Platonic psychology, that is, a philosophical care for and cultivation of soul. Furthermore, by fusion of horizons between digital technology and humanism, the pursuit of digital humanism is to take the aesthetic redemption as its destiny, which includes overcoming the exhaustion of technological psychology by recuperation of the noetic soul, healing symbolic mercy by spiritualizing life, and correcting the stupidity of artificial intelligence by innovative and poetic thinking.

收稿日期: 2020-10-15
基金項目: 北京語言高精尖協同創新中心項目“一帶一路沿線文化與語言交往模式創新研究”(項目編號:XTCX201810)

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