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在線閱讀 --哲學社會科學版 2021年3期《論華北根據地貨幣市場的統一——以冀南銀行為中心》
論華北根據地貨幣市場的統一——以冀南銀行為中心--[在線閱讀]
孫建國, 李赟
河南大學 社會經濟史研究中心, 河南 開封 475000
起止頁碼: 59--67頁
DOI:
摘要
根據地貨幣經歷了抗日戰爭時期華北根據地間貨幣禁止互相流通——邊沿區貨幣互動——解放戰爭時期根據地之間貨幣的自由流通——貨幣統一的歷史演變過程。根據地貨幣從分區發行、互不流通到邊沿區建立混合市場及兌換點,再到后來自由流通,最終實現貨幣統一,各時期的貨幣政策對加強根據地之間的貿易往來,降低交易成本,提高市場效率起到了重要的推動作用;貨幣的兌換比價建立在物價、經濟信息情報收集的基礎上,合理的兌換比價是貨幣自由流通的關鍵;中國人民銀行的成立結束了解放區貨幣的多元形態,為全國貨幣的統一奠定了基礎。

On the Unification of Currency Market in North China Base Areas—Focus on the Bank of Jinan
SUN Jianguo, LI yun
Research Center of Social and Economic History, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475000, China
Abstract:
The currency of base areas has experienced the following historical stages:prohibiting inter-base currency circulation between North China base areas during the War of Resistance against Japan Period, currency interaction in border areas, free currency circulation between base areas during the Liberation War Period, and currency unification. The currency of the base areas developed from separate issuance by different areas with no circulation between each other, to the establishment of mixed markets and exchange spots in border areas, then to free circulation, and finally to currency unification. The monetary policies of different periods played an important role in promoting trade between base areas, reducing transaction costs and improving market efficiency. The exchange rate is based on the price and the collection of economic information, and a reasonable exchange rate is the key to the free circulation of money. The establishment of the People's Bank of China ended the diversified forms of currency in the liberated areas and laid the foundation for the unification of the national currency.

收稿日期: 2020-12-10
基金項目:

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