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在線閱讀 --哲學社會科學版 2021年3期《河北霸州話語氣詞“啦”的語法疊置現象——兼論現漢語氣詞“呢”的來源》
河北霸州話語氣詞“啦”的語法疊置現象——兼論現漢語氣詞“呢”的來源--[在線閱讀]
桑宇紅1, 郭蒙2
1. 河北師范大學 文學院, 河北 石家莊 050024;
2. 河北衡水第一中學, 河北 衡水 053000
起止頁碼: 111--119頁
DOI:
摘要
現代漢語語氣詞“呢”有多種語法功能,學界對其來源頗多爭議。霸州辛章話虛詞“啦”兼具普通話“了1”“了2”以及“呢2”的語法功能;霸州話表疑問語氣的“呢1”讀音為“”,與“呢2”有別。現代霸州話不同語法功能具備不同語音形式,據讀音關系可證表疑問語氣的“呢1”來源于“那”,而表持續和敘實義的“呢2”來源于“哩”。霸州話的這種語言現象為我們再現了早期“呢1”“呢2”不同步發展的面貌,也為現代漢語語氣詞“呢”的來源問題提供了有力的佐證。

Grammatical Reduplication of Modal Particle “啦” (la) in Bazhou Dialect, Hebei Province—Also on the Origin of the Modal Particle “呢” (ne) in Modern Chinese
SANG Yuhong1, GUO Meng2
1. College of Chinese Language and Literature, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050024, China;
2. Hengshui High School, Hengshui, Hebei 053000, China
Abstract:
The modal particle "呢" (ne) in modern Chinese has a number of grammatical functions, and its origin is controversial in academic circles. The function word "啦" (la) in Bazhou (霸州) Xinzhang (辛章) dialect has the grammatical functions of "了1" (le), "了2" (le) and "呢2" (ne) in Putonghua. The interrogative "呢1" (ne) is pronounced in Bazhou dialect, which is different from "呢2" (ne). Different grammatical functions of modern Bazhou dialect have different phonetic forms. According to the pronunciation relationship, it can be proved that "呢1" (ne), which expresses interrogative mood, comes from "那" (na), while "呢2" (ne), which expresses persistence and narration, comes from "哩" (li). This linguistic phenomenon in Bazhou dialect not only reproduces the unsynchronized development of "呢1" and "呢2" in the early stage, but also provides strong evidence for the origin of the modal particle "呢" in modern Chinese.

收稿日期: 2020-09-25
基金項目: 河北省哲學社會科學規劃課題“河北三字調方言形成演變研究”(項目編號:HB20YY001)

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