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在線閱讀 --哲學社會科學版 2021年3期《中國城鄉差距40年(1978—2017)比較:基于人類發展指數的分析》
中國城鄉差距40年(1978—2017)比較:基于人類發展指數的分析--[在線閱讀]
林萬龍, 陳蔡春子
中國農業大學 經濟管理學院, 北京 100083
起止頁碼: 120--129頁
DOI:
摘要
基于聯合國開發計劃署開發的人類發展指數(HDI),衡量中國農村改革40年來城鄉差距的動態變化,計算出1978-2017年分城鄉的HDI值,研究結果顯示,40年來我國城鄉差距整體而言呈縮小趨勢,但在2003年實行“公共財政覆蓋農村”戰略之后整體呈現出略微拉大的趨勢;總體而言,鄉村發展水平落后城鎮將近20年。通過進一步分解分析,發現收入差距的縮小和教育差距的拉大是影響城鄉HDI差距變化的主要正向和負向因素。2003年之后,教育差距的拉大完全抵消了收入差距縮小的貢獻,導致城鄉HDI差距有所拉大。分析結果提示政策制定者,未來城鄉教育資源的投入和配置問題應引起足夠的重視。

Comparison of China's Urban-rural Gap in 40 Years (1978-2017): An Analysis Based on Human Development Index
LIN Wanlong, CHENCAI Chunzi
College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
Abstract:
Based on the Human Development Index (HDI) developed by the United Nations Development Programme, this paper measures the dynamics of the urban-rural gap in China's rural reforms over the past 40 years and calculates the HDI data of urban and rural areas from 1978 to 2017. The results show that the urban-rural gap has been shrinking in the past 40 years, but after the implementation of the "public finance coverage of rural areas" strategy in 2003, the overall trend has slightly increased. In general, the level of rural development is behind the town for almost 20 years. Through further decomposition analysis, it is found that the narrowing of the income gap is the main positive factor affecting the change of the urban-rural gap on HDI and the widening of the education gap is the main negative factor. After 2003, the widening of the education gap completely offset the contribution of the narrowing of the income gap, resulting in a widening gap between urban and rural HDI. The analysis of this paper suggests that policy makers should pay sufficient attention to the future investment and allocation of urban and rural educational resources.

收稿日期: 2020-09-08
基金項目: 國家社會科學基金重大項目“構建一體化的新型城鄉關系研究”(項目編號:15azd020)

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