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在線閱讀 --哲學社會科學版 2021年3期《扶貧車間:行為體、驅動力及持續性討論》
扶貧車間:行為體、驅動力及持續性討論--[在線閱讀]
張曉穎, 王小林
復旦大學 六次產業研究院, 上海 200433
起止頁碼: 130--139頁
DOI:
摘要
扶貧車間是脫貧攻堅期間,以壯大貧困村集體經濟、實現貧困人口就地就近就業增收和資產收益為目的,以農產品初加工、手工業、來料加工經營等勞動密集型產業項目為主要內容,建設在鄉村的生產經營活動場所。以扶貧車間為載體,在地方政府、企業、村集體、貧困人口等行為體的努力下,形成了“勞動密集型企業—扶貧車間—貧困人口”的就業扶貧機制。扶貧車間的驅動力主要包括:扶貧干部在扶貧方式上的創新,勞動密集型企業降低生產要素成本的動力,平臺經濟的驅動,扶貧創業、就業政策的驅動。扶貧車間為貧困人口提供在家門口的彈性和靈活就業機會,實現增收和脫貧,同時增加了村集體資產和收入。扶貧車間存在內生動力不足、造血能力不足和化解風險能力不足等問題。因此,需要加強對扶貧車間的政策引導和服務提升,使扶貧車間發展成為鄉村振興的生產車間,為鄉村振興階段“產村融合”發展注入新活力。

Poverty Alleviation Workshop: Actors, Driving Forces and Sustainability
ZHANG Xiaoying, WANG Xiaolin
Institute for Six-sector Economy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
Abstract:
Poverty alleviation workshop (PAW) is built in poor village areas, which provides labor-intensive industrial jobs, such as primary processing of agricultural products, handicrafts, processing on giving materials. It aims at strengthening the collective economy of poor villages, realizing local employment and income increase of the poor. PAW brings a new type of employment mechanism for the poor who are unable to work outside of the village and the labor-intensive enterprises which are affected by labor shortage. This is a joint effort from such actors as the local governments, enterprises, the village collectives and other stakeholders. The driving forces of PAW include innovatioe of the poverty alleviation cadre in the way of poverty intervention, labor-intensive enterprises' will to reduce the cost of production factors, platform economy, and the entrepreneur and employment policies aiming at poverty Alleviation. PAW provides flexible employment opportunities for the needed by the doorstep, increases income, and meanwhile increases assets and income of the village collectives. There are also some problems with PAW, such as insufficient endogenous power, lack of self-development ability and ability to risks management. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen policy guidance and upgrade services to make PAW a work-shop for rural revitalization, and inject new vitality to the " integration of industry and village."

收稿日期: 2020-09-08
基金項目: 上海市社科規劃一般課題“上海對口支援歷程考察與經驗啟示:從單項援助到雙向發展合作的路徑演進”;國家社會科學基金重大項目“基于多維視角的2020年以后我國相對貧困問題研究”(項目編號:19ZDA051);南南教育基金會2019年資助項目。

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