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在線閱讀 --哲學社會科學版 2021年3期《技術邏輯下保羅·萊文森媒介進化論中的“人本主義”建構》
技術邏輯下保羅·萊文森媒介進化論中的“人本主義”建構--[在線閱讀]
艾嵐1, 趙雙閣2
1. 河北經貿大學 學報編輯部, 河北 石家莊 050061;
2. 西北大學 新聞傳播學院, 陜西 西安 710127
起止頁碼: 140--147頁
DOI:
摘要
人類社會中媒介進化發展遵循著一種技術邏輯。對于這種技術邏輯的解讀,傳統媒介環境學派代表人物麥克盧漢、波茲曼強調媒介技術不僅構建了人的感知系統而且重組了人的心靈,認為技術控制人類的生活、思維方式和行為模式,然而他們對媒介進化中人的能動性缺乏關注。保羅·萊文森在對他們的理論進行繼承和揚棄基礎上,通過構建媒介進化中的“人本主義”,使得人類理性成為技術演化的“自然環境”、人類非完美性成為技術補救性演化內因、人類需求性成為媒介技術演化邏輯歸宿,從而搭建起媒介與人類互促互構的目標和規律,致力于克服技術主義范式下人性假設上的缺陷。

Construction of “Humanism”in Paul Levinson's Media Evolution under the Logic of Technology
AI Lan1, ZHAO Shuangge2
1. Editorial Office of Journal of Hebei University of Economics and Business, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050061, China;
2. School of Journalism & Communication, Northwest University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710127, China
Abstract:
The evolution of media in human society follows a technical logic. For the interpretation of this logic, Marshall McLuhan, Neil Postman, the representative of the traditional media ecology, put emphasis on media technology not only to construct a system of people's perception, but also recombine the soul. They think technology control human life, human way of thinking and behavior patterns. However, they pay little attention to people's initiative in media evolution. On the basis of inheriting and sublating their theories, Levinson set up "humanism" in media evolution, making human rationality the "natural environment" of technological evolution, human imperfection the internal cause of technological remedial evolution, and human demand the logical end-result of media technological evolution. It sets up the goal and law of mutual promotion and mutual construction between media and human beings, and strives to overcome the defects of human nature hypothesis under the paradigm of technicism.

收稿日期: 2020-12-25
基金項目: 國家社會科學基金項目“人工智能時代新媒體產業版權保護制度創新研究”(項目編號:19BXW091)

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